Characterization of New Lead-free Ballistic Modifiers and Phthalate-free Plasticizers in Propellants
Keywords:Double base propellant, Lead-free ballistic modifier, Copper subsalicylate
AbstractThis paper describes the synthesis and characterization of a copper-based ballistic modifier, copper subsalicylate (monobasic copper salicylate), and its performance in green-type propellants. New lead-free ballistic modifiers and phthalatefree plasticizers with reduced toxicity, less harmful to the environment, have been employed to replace their traditional additives in green-type double-base propellant preparations. The characterization of the chemical compound was performed by FTIR, TGA-DSC, and WAXS, indicating that copper subsalicylate was obtained. The results of the characterization of propellant compositions showed that copper subsalicylate, in combination with a bismuth salt, could be a substitute for the traditional lead-based ballistic modifier producing green-type propellants without reducing ballistic performance.
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