Study of Manufacturing Processes for Liquid Rocket Turbopump Impellers: Test and Analysis
Keywords:Liquid rocket propulsion, L75 engine, Turbopump, Impeller, Manufacturing process.
AbstractIn the context of the cooperative development of the L75 Liquid Rocket Engine (with 75 kN of thrust) and in the frame of a global enlargement of competence in the field of turbomachines for liquid rocket propulsion systems, Institute of Space Propulsion of the German Aerospace Center (DLR; in German, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt), in Lampoldshausen, and the Brazilian Institute of Aeronautics and Space (IAE; in Portuguese, Instituto de Aeronáutica e Espaço) have managed to produce its first flight ready components for pumps in liquid rocket propulsion systems. Among these components was a series of prototyped shrouded impellers for the oxidizer pumps manufactured in different materials and by different fabrication processes executed by four independent Brazilian and German workshops. Non-destructive and destructive testing methods have been applied for impellers materials validation, and for manufacturing processes verification. An special attention was given to the spin tests results and analysis, which included verification at maximum operational speed and burst testing, in order to determine the failure speed. Each tested impeller reached the required specification for the application in the L75 turbopump. Spin test logic and test results are discussed later on. Therefore, the scope of the present study is to investigate several traditional and cutting-edge processes applied for shrouded turbopump impellers manufacturing. An verification and validation of these processes will also be discussed.
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