Direct Numerical Simulation of the Onset of Vortex Shedding for Blunt Elongated Bodies
Keywords:Wakes, Onset of shedding, Blunt-trailing-edged body, Numerical analysis.
AbstractThis research project focuses upon the wake behind a two-dimensional blunt-trailing-edged body. Data are obtained numerically by means of a Direct Numerical Simulation code. The body has an elliptical nose followed by a straight section that ends in a blunt base. The present paper is dedicated to the analysis of the onset of the shedding process. The effort is certainly worthwhile, because, in contrast to the case of the circular cylinder, the boundary layers’s separation points are defined and fixed. This allows a better assessment of the vital influence of the boundary layers upon the wake, in a controlled way. This is not the case for the circular cylinder, because, in this instance, the separation points oscillate in relation to a mean position. In the present analysis, the relationship between the onset of shedding Reynolds number, RehK , and the aspect ratio, AR, is obtained.To this end, a wide range of aspect ratios between 3 and 25, was investigated. The result represented by this relationship is a novelty in the literature. Values of RehK are strongly influenced by the aspect ratio for the case of the short cylinders — for which AR is low. After AR about 9, the curve flattens and the influence of the aspect ratio upon the shedding Reynolds number is very mild. Besides, the paper discusses another very important aspect; the overall stability of the pre-shedding laminar bubble at the base of the body. It is important to stress that the latter study relies on the fact that the boundary layers separation points are fixed.
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