Influence of Ethylene Glycol on the Mullite Crystallization Processes Analyzed by Rietveld Refinement

Authors

  • Flaviano Willians Fernandes Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica - Praça Mal Eduardo Gomes, 50 Vila das Acácias São José dos Campos - SP - Brasil
  • Tiago Moreira Bastos Campos Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica - Praça Mal Eduardo Gomes, 50 Vila das Acácias São José dos Campos - SP - Brasil
  • Luciana De Simone Cividanes Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica - Praça Mal Eduardo Gomes, 50 Vila das Acácias São José dos Campos - SP - Brasil
  • João Paulo Barros Machado LAS-INPE
  • Evelyn Alves Nunes Simonetti Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica - Praça Mal Eduardo Gomes, 50 Vila das Acácias São José dos Campos - SP - Brasil
  • Gilmar Patrocinio Thim Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica - Praça Mal Eduardo Gomes, 50 Vila das Acácias São José dos Campos - SP - Brasil

Keywords:

Mullite, sol-gel, ethylene glycol

Abstract

http://dx.doi.org/10.5028/jatm.v5i4.273

Mullite is an excellent structural material due to its high temperature stability, high electrical insulation capabilities and creep resistance. This material has a number of technological applications, such as rocket nozzles used in the aerospace industry. In this work, mullite was obtained by sol-gel process, using silicic sol, aluminum nitrate and ethylene glycol, besides the following volume ratios of silica sol dispersion to ethylene glycol: 1/0; 1/1; 1/2; and 1/3. After drying, the samples were thermal treated at temperatures of 1,000; 1,100; 1,200 and 1,250°C. The samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and specific surface area (Bruner-Emmett-Teller – BET). SEM showed that mullite particles are fine and nearly equiaxed. The sample without ethylene glycol showed 3/2 mullite after heat treatment at 1,250°C. The sample with intermediate ethylene glycol concentration presented two crystallization processes: the first at 1,000°C forming mullite and spinel phases, and the second at 1,250°C forming only 3/2 mullite. However, the sample with the highest ethylene glycol concentration crystallized directly to mullite at 1,000°C with the highest yield. There is a strong dependence on the specific surface area with temperature. The Rietveld refinement showed that the a cell lattice of mullite and the Al/Si molar ratio in the mullite formula depend on the ethylene glycol presence and on the calcination temperature. The lattice parameters b and c are not dependent on the alumina content, but the parameter a increases with the increase in the alumina content. Samples prepared with higher ethylene glycol concentrations reached higher mullite yields at lower temperatures.

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Published

2013-11-23

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Section

Original Papers