Effects of Bio-Inspired Surface Roughness on a Swept Back Tapered NACA 4412 Wing


  • Khurshid Malik
  • Mohammed Aldheeb
  • Waqar Asrar
  • Sulaeman Erwin


3D wing aerodynamic coefficients, Bio-inspired roughness elements, NACA 4412


This paper presents the overall pros and cons of the effect of surface roughness elements over a NACA 4412 tapered, swept back half wing with a sweep angle of 30° and a dihedral angle of 5°. The tests were conducted at a Reynolds number of 4 × 105 in the IIUM Low Speed wind tunnel. Different roughness sizes and roughness locations were tested for a range of angle of attack. Lift, drag and pitching moment coefficients were measured for the smooth wing and with roughness elements. Surface roughness delays the stall angle and decreases the lift. The wing with the roughness elements located at 75% to 95% of mean chord from leading edge shows minimum drag and maximum lift compared to other locations. Significant increase in the pitching moment coefficient was found for flexible roughness elements. In case of rigid surface roughness, the effect on pitching moment is small






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