Design of Attitude Control Servomechanisms with Fluid Ring and CMG for Rigid Satellite

Saleh Akbaritabar, Reza Esmaelzadeh, Reza Zardashti

Abstract


Satellites cover a wide range of space missions as remote sensing. Accomplishment of the mission depends on satellite’s stability maintenance and direction. The main task of the attitude control system is to provide stability to the satellite against external disturbances. Such perturbations are caused due to aerodynamic drag, solar radiation and magnetic field. The attitude dynamics model and the development of a controller to stabilize the three degrees of freedom rotational angles are quite important steps in the design of satellites. Although there are several actuators to provide attitude determination and control, a novel type is considered in this paper. This new actuator is the fluid contained inside one or more rings and fluid flow supplied by pump. The required torque control made by change of angular velocity of fluid. In this paper, the satellite is considered rigid and nonlinear dynamics equations were written. Because of the importance of satellite mission, the failure of the pyramid-shaped satellite with an additional ring fluid will be discussed. Satellite attitude control is carried out with an Euler angle errors control law. The performance of this actuator is compared with moment control gyro and their advantages on to each other have been described.

Keywords


Comparing satellite actuators; Fluid rings; Active attitude control

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