Preparation and Ablation Performance of Lightweight Phenolic Composite Material under Oxyacetylene Torch Environment

Issam Elwan, Rafi Jabra, Mohamed Hamzeh Arafeh

Abstract


The present study investigates the influence of fiber content on thermal properties of short silica fiber (SSF) reinforced modified resole resin (MRR) composites. For this purpose, different SSF loading composites were prepared: 40, 55, and 65 wt.%. The ablation resistance related to mass loss parameters was quantified by testing under an oxyacetylene flame up to 2300 °C for 30 s. The thermal conductivity of the composite was studied via experimental steady state technique. Thermal stability of the composite material was estimated by means of thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), both in air and nitrogen atmosphere. The ablated composite material was characterized by different techniques (XRD, FTIR, and SEM). The results showed that the backface surface temperature of SSF/MRR composites follows the typical variation curve, and linear ablation rate, mass ablation rate, and char yield decrease with increasing silica fiber content. This confirms that 55 and 65 wt.% SSF loading exhibited the best anti-ablation performance and the lowest percentage of char yield. XRD and FTIR analysis of the ablated specimen zone showed the absence of new phase. The thermo-gravimetric analysis confirmed the thermal resistance of SSF/MRR composites in comparison with MRR matrix and the decrease of char with increasing SSF loading. The thermal conductivity of these composites was significantly enhanced by the SSF into the modified resole matrix. This thermal conductivity follows both the rule of mixture and Maxwell models. The overall thermal characteristics of the SSF/MRR composites meet most of the necessary high temperature application criteria.

Keywords


Ablation properties; Modified resole resin; Short silica fiber; Thermal conductivity

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