Proper Orthogonal Decomposition and Spectral Analysis of a Wall-Mounted Square Cylinder Wake

Henrique Fanini Leite, Ana Cristina Avelar, Leandra de Abreu, Daniel Schuch, André Cavalieri


The flow patterns over a finite square cylinder of aspect ratio of 3 were analyzed experimentally in a subsonic wind tunnel using the time-resolved particle image velocimetry (TR - PIV) techniques. The near wake flow structures and vortex shedding characteristics were investigated using mean flow analysis, spectral analysis and proper orthogonal decomposition (POD). The cylinders were fixed on a elliptical leading edge flat plate, creating a boundary layer which interacted with the cylinder wake. The 2D PIV measurements were conducted at a low horizontal plane, z/h = 0.3, to investigate possible boundary layer interactions. Due to the complexity of the phenomena, the flow was characterized both in terms of average behavior and time-resolved velocity fields. Both symmetrical and anti-symmetrical vortices structures occur in the cylinder wake, which can be identified based on the coefficients of the first four POD modes. The results indicated that the alternating Karman vortex structures are dominant, described by the first two POD modes.


PIV method application; Proper orthogonal decomposition; Finite cylinders; Unsteady flow; Time-resolved PIV

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