SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF ENERGETIC THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS FOR PROPELLANT FORMULATIONS. doi:10.5028/jatm.2009.01013542

Aparecida M Kawamoto, José Irineu S. Oliveira, Luís Cláudio Rezende, Thomas Keicher, Horst Krause, Rita de Cássia L. Dutra

Abstract


Synthesis and characterization of energetic ABA-type thermoplastic elastomers for propellant formulations has been carried out. Following the working plan elaborated, the synthesis and characterization of Poly 3- bromomethyl-3-methyl oxetane (PolyBrMMO), Poly 3- azidomethyl-3-methyl oxetane (PolyAMMO), Poly 3,3-bis-azidomethyl oxetane (PolyBAMO) and Copolymer PolyBAMO/AMMO (by TDI end capping) has been successfully performed. The thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) were synthesized using the chain elongation process PolyAMMO, GAP and PolyBAMO by diisocyanates. In this method 2.4-toluene diisocyanate (TDI) is used to link block A (hard and mono- functional)) to B (soft and di-functional). For the hard A-block we used PolyBAMO and for the soft B-block we used PolyAMMO or GAP.This is a joint project set up, some years ago, between the Chemistry Division of the Institute of Aeronautics and Space (IAE) - subordinated to the Brazilian Ministry of Defense - and the Fraunhofer Institut Chemische Technologie (ICT), in Germany. The products were characterized by different techniques as IR- and (¹H,¹³C)NMR spectroscopies, elemental and thermal analyses. New methodologies based on FT-IR analysis have been developed as an alternative for the determination of the molecular weight and CHNO content of the energetic polymers.

Keywords


Energetic thermoplastic elastomers, PolyAMMO, PolyBAMO, Copolymer PolyBAMO/AMMO, Propellants.

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