Determination of Polychloroprene Content in Rubber Blend Containing Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer by Infrared Techniques

Paulo Santos Rigoli, Alexandra Helena de Barros, Rachel Farias Magalhães, Lídia Mattos Silva Murakami, Alexandre Estevão Carrara, Jorge Carlos Narciso Dutra, Elizabeth Costa Mattos, Rita de Cássia Lazzarini Dutra

Abstract


Ethylene propylene diene monomer rubber is used as flexible thermal protection for rocket engines, as well as in blends with polychloroprene, which can be applied in the aeronautical sector, and with great potential in the defense sector. However, there is not a considerable number of studies considering both polymers as a blend. In general, elastomer content quantification in blends is done by more complex instrumental methods. When performed by Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, the conventional transmission mode is used, usually without including the developed methodology error. Therefore, the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) methodology is proposed using the universal attenuated total reflection mode, with sample treatment (pyrolysis) to determine polychloroprene content in the mixture with ethylene propylene diene monomer. In accordance with the infrared spectrometer precision limits and rubber blends studies data found in the literature, the methodology error analysis shows a value close to 2%. In addition, it has the advantage of being a less complex methodology. This actual study uses a simple FT-IR analytical tool, scarce, especially for the rubber research community, to determine the content of rubber minor phase within the major phase. It is valuable in weapons reverse engineering, aiming at the knowledge of new thermal protections.

Keywords


Blend; CR; EPDM; FT-IR; Transmission; UATR

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