Comparative Analysis of Palygorskite Samples From Different Occurrences in Guadalupe (Piauí, Brazil)

Tainara Cristina de Assis, Marcelle Cerqueda, Cristiane Gimenes Souza, Tammy Caroline Jesus, Giullia Bertrand Marçano, Karla Mayara Arguelles Simões, Patrícia Viana Rodrigues, Rayssa Paula Paz Furlanetto, Nathalia Oliveira Almeida dos Anjos, Luana Caroline da Silveira Nascimento, Bruna de Lemos Novo, Fernanda Arruda Nogueira Gomes da Silva, Fernanda Veronesi Marinho Pontes, Luciana Spinelli, Lídia Yokoyama, Carla Napoli Barbato, Victor Matheus Joaquim Salgado Campos, Viviane Gomes Teixeira, Francisco Manoel dos Santos Garrido, Luiz Carlos Bertolino

Abstract


Palygorskite is a clay mineral that has several industrial and environmental applications. Palygorskite main deposits in Brazil are located in the municipality of Guadalupe, Piauí. A comparative study was performed with five samples of palygorskite from different locations through ore dressing and chemical and mineralogical characterization, using the XRD, XRF and methylene blue titration techniques. According to the results, there are significant differences in the samples composition. Among them, the most significant difference was the cation exchange capacity (CEC) value, which ranged from 24.0 to 41.0 meq.100 g-1, followed by the content of some oxides and the crystalline phases present. Despite coming from the same region, the samples contained distinct impurities.

Keywords


Palygorskite; Ore dressing; Characterization

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