Transonic Aerodynamic Analysis of Different Forebody Shapes of Aerospace Vehicles

Ana Cristina Avelar, João Batista Falcão Filho, Layra Mendonça Filho

Abstract


One of the most important features of an aerospace vehicle design is its shape, especially the forebody part, since it defines the main characteristics of the vehicle aerodynamic. In this context, the present work has the purpose of investigating the transonic aerodynamic regime in typical vehicle models, with different frontal geometry configurations, using the experimental techniques pressure sensitive paint (PSP) and Schlieren. The aim is to get more insights about the flow patterns over the selected models, regarding the transonic regime, in terms of qualitative density field evaluation, and the identification of important aerodynamic parameters, such as shock wave positioning and pressure gradients over the model, as well as the influence of the forebody configuration in the flow pattern. The test campaign was carried out in the Pilot Transonic Wind Tunnel of the Institute of Aeronautics and Space (IAE; in Portuguese, Instituto de Aeronáutica e Espaço), varying Mach numbers from subsonic to low supersonic. Five forebody configurations mounted in a cylindrical body having the standard cone–cylinder shape as baseline was considered. A description of the phenomena occurring around and on the models surface for all five models is presented, through analyses of the Schlieren images and PSP results.

Keywords


Transonic Aerodynamic Analysis; Aerospace Vehicles; Pressure-sensitive paint; Fore-body; Shapes

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