Acoustic Emissions from Wind Turbine Blades

Vasishta Bhargava, Rahul Samala

Abstract


Research on broadband aerodynamic noise from wind turbine blades is becoming important in several countries. In this work, computer simulation of acoustic emissions from wind turbine blades are predicted using quasi empirical model for a three-bladed horizontal axis 3 MW turbine with blade length ~47 m. Sound power levels are investigated for source and receiver height of 80 m and 2 m above ground and located at a distance equal to total turbine height. The results are validated using existing experimental data for Siemens SWT-2.3 MW turbine having blade length of 47 m, as well as with 2.5 MW turbine. Aerofoil self-noise mechanisms are discussed in present work and results are demonstrated for wind speed of 8 m/s. Overall sound power levels for 3 MW turbine showed good agreements with the existing experiment data obtained for SWT-2.3 MW turbine. Noise map of single source sound power level, dBA of an isolated blade segment located at 75 %R for single blade is illustrated for wind speed of 8 m/s. The results demonstrated that most of the noise production occurred from outboard section of blade and for blade azimuth positions between 80° and 170°.

Keywords


Sound pressure level; Aerofoil; Wind turbine; Acoustic emissions; Blade

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