Adaptive Filtration of Parameters of the UAV Movement Based on the TDOA-Measurement Sensor Networks

Igor Olegovych Tovkach, Sergey Yakovych Zhuk

Abstract


In modern conditions, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) generate new classes of threats, including their use for terrorist purposes. A feature of modern UAVs is the ability to perform sudden maneuvers and to keep the same position in the point in space. For the description of the UAV movement with various types of maneuver, it is used a rectangular coordinate system. We use the model in the form of a stochastic dynamic system with random structure in the discrete-time in which the change type UAV movement occurs at random times. When a UAV emits a sign, its location can be determined by wireless sensor networks (WSN) using the TDOA method. On the basis of a mathematical apparatus of the mixed Markov processes for in discrete time optimal and quasi-optimal adaptive algorithms for filtration of UAV movement parameters based on the TDOA measurement, sensor networks are synthesized. Devices that realize these algorithms are multichannel and belong to the class of devices with feedback between channels. At the same time, in a quasi-optimal algorithm, a sequential procedure of the arriving measurements from sensors of a sensor network is realized, which allows avoiding the inversion of large-dimensional matrices. An analysis of the quasi-optimal adaptive algorithm is performed using statistical modeling. On the intervals of hovering and of the UAV movements without maneuver, the developed algorithm allows to increase significantly the accuracy of the estimation of the UAV coordinates, and also to recognize various types of its movement with a high probability level.

Keywords


UAV; Wireless sensor networks; Optimal and quasi-optimal adaptive algorithms; Parameters of the movement; TDOA

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